BP and its partners in the Shah Deniz consortium have announced the start-up of the Shah Deniz 2 gas development in Azerbaijan, including its first commercial natural gas delivery to Turkey.
The BP-operated $28 billion project is the first subsea development in the Caspian Sea and the largest subsea infrastructure operated by BP worldwide. It is also the starting point for the Southern Gas Corridor series of pipelines that will, for the first time, deliver natural gas from the Caspian Sea directly to European markets. From the South Caucasus pipeline, gas is transported across Turkey through the new Trans-Anatolian Pipeline, which was inaugurated earlier this month, and, when complete, the Trans-Adriatic Pipeline will then supply gas as far as Greece, Albania and Italy. Commercial deliveries to Europe are expected to commence in 2020.
BP Group Chief Executive Bob Dudley said, “Shah Deniz 2 is one of the biggest and most complex new energy projects anywhere in the world, comprising major offshore, onshore and pipeline developments. BP and our partners have safely and successfully delivered this multi-dimensional project as designed, on time and on budget.
“Together with the Southern Gas Corridor pipeline system, Shah Deniz 2 will deliver significant new energy supplies to Europe, further diversifying its sources of energy and providing new supplies of natural gas which will be essential in the energy transition. This milestone achievement is a credit to the Shah Deniz partners and to our close cooperation with the governments of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey, building on the relationships BP has built in the region over more than 25 years.”
Shah Deniz 2 is BP’s largest new upstream project in 2018, and, following Atoll in Egypt, is the second of six project start-ups expected for the year. This string of developments will follow from 2017’s seven major project completions and is key to delivering the 900,000 bbl of oil equivalent new production that BP expects from new upstream major projects by 2021.
At plateau, Shah Deniz 2 is expected to produce 16 billion cu m of gas per year incrementally to current Shah Deniz production. Together with output from the first phase of development, total production from the Shah Deniz field will be up to 26 billion cu m/year of gas and up to 120,000 bbls/day of condensate.
Offshore, the Shah Deniz 2 project includes 26 subsea wells, 500 km of subsea pipelines and flowlines and two new bridge-linked platforms. Gas is transported onshore through a 85 km pipeline to the Sangachal terminal near Baku, which underwent a major expansion to accommodate the new increased gas output. The project also includes the new South Caucasus pipeline expansion – 428 km of new pipeline in Azerbaijan and 59 km in Georgia, including two new compressor stations – carrying Shah Deniz gas to Turkey.
Bernard Looney, BP’s Chief Executive, Upstream, said, “Bringing this huge project online within the schedule and budget we set out at sanction 4½ years ago is further evidence of our focus on efficient and disciplined project execution. As our largest start-up for the year, Shah Deniz 2 is also a very important milestone in delivering our plans for growth, including from our pipeline of new higher-margin projects.”
“As can be seen from our recent agreements, we expect to be operating in Azerbaijan for decades to come, and we continue to see opportunities to work with the country to further explore and develop its significant resources,” he added.
BP and partners signed its first production sharing agreement (PSA) in Azerbaijan with the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR), covering the development of the Azeri, Chirag and Deepwater Gunashli (ACG) field, in 1994. Production from ACG began in 1997, and the field has since produced more than 3.3 billion bbl of oil. In 2017, SOCAR and the ACG partners signed an amended and restated PSA for ACG that extends to the end of 2049. BP has also signed a number of exploration PSAs with SOCAR: a PSA for the Shafag Asiman offshore block signed in 2010; a PSA for the shallow-water area around the Absheron Peninsula in 2014; and, most recently, a PSA for the joint exploration and development of Block D230 in the North Absheron basin, signed in April 2018.
Shah Deniz, located in the Caspian Sea offshore Azerbaijan, is the largest gas discovery ever made by BP. Discovered in 1999, the giant field was estimated to hold approximately 1 trillion cu m of gas and covers approximately 860 sq km, roughly the same size and shape of Manhattan Island. The first phase of field development, Shah Deniz 1, began production in 2006 and currently supplies gas to Azerbaijan, Georgia and Turkey.
At peak, the Shah Deniz 2 development, which was sanctioned in 2013, supported more than 30,000 jobs in Azerbaijan and Georgia and in total included more than 180 million hours of work.
BP is operator of the Shah Deniz consortium with 28.8%. Its partners in Shah Deniz 2 are TPAO (19%), Petronas (15.5%), AzSD (10%), SGC Upstream (6.7%), Lukoil (10%) and NICO (10%).